2023-01-25 20:06:01

Cambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisis

The Centre for Risk Research at the University of Cambridge, UK, recently issued a report warning that Indonesia's Mount Malapi volcano is about to erupt, which may lead to the collapse of the global economy. It is reported that the last major eruption of the volcano was on May 29, 2006, which triggered a catastrophic 2.6 magnitude earthquake and killed at least 3000 people.

Cambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisis

The Cambridge University report details the "doomsday scenario" that may occur when Mount Malapi erupts.

It is reported that the report issued by the Risk Research Center of Cambridge University details the "doomsday scenario" that may occur when Mount Marapi erupts.

Mount Malapi, located on the coast of Indonesia, is only a few miles from the Strait of Malacca, which is known as the "throat of the world".

Cambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisis

Every year, 90000 ships pass through the narrow Malacca Strait, meeting 40% of global trade.

Every year, 90000 ships pass through the narrow channel to carry grain, crude oil and various commodities on the market. It is a route that meets 40% of global trade.

The altitude of Mount Malapi is more than 9000 feet (2743.2 meters). If it erupts, the ash cloud will rise to 30000 meters, enveloping the earth in a three-year "volcanic winter".

According to the severe warning issued by the Cambridge University report, the sharp drop in temperature will lead to global food shortages, inflation and climate anomalies, and these disasters will cost the world about 2.51 trillion dollars.

Cambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisis

The area that may be directly affected by the volcanic ash cloud after the eruption of Mount Malapi.

According to the report, the volcanic ash cloud will be carried to airports in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore several miles away from the volcano to stop all aviation activities.

According to a study published in the journal Nature in 2021, the region is one of the busiest airspace in the world. The air route between two cities alone has more than 5.5 million seats each year.

This will suspend tourism in all countries, which will lose billions of dollars. As far as Indonesia is concerned, this is an industry of 3.35 billion US dollars.

The report said that other parts of the world would also be affected by the eruption of Mount Malapi. The global average temperature dropped by 1 ℃ for up to 3 years, resulting in serious climate anomalies and major global food shortages.

Unpredictable rainfall patterns and unusually low summer temperatures have led to large-scale crop failures around the world, leading to soaring food prices and global high inflation in the summer of the second year.

It was not until the beginning of the third year after the eruption that technological progress caught up with the crisis and helped to rebalance global food supply and demand.

Cambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisisCambridge University warns that Indonesia's Mount Malapi is about to erupt, or cause a global economic crisis

The eruption of Mount Malapi may cause the global average temperature to drop by 1 ℃ for up to 3 years.

Lara Mani, a volcanologist at the Risk Research Center of Cambridge University, said that the volcanic explosion index (VEI) of 4 to 6 was enough to disrupt the trading channel, and the index reached a maximum of 8.

It is reported that there are many volcanic centers along the Indonesian islands, such as Mount Sinaben (VEI 4) and Mount Toba in Sumatra, and Mount Malapi (VEI 4) in Central Java.

Mount Semeru, also known as Mount Mahaneru, has erupted many times in the past few centuries.

However, its most recent eruption occurred in December 2022, causing smoke and dust to fly more than 1 mile high.

Mount Semeru is the highest mountain in Indonesia, and its eruption has aroused the authorities' vigilance against the neighboring communities.

The largest eruption occurred in Mount Tambora in 1815, resulting in the death of crops as far away as Europe, which led to food shortages in the world.

The National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service said on its website that the death toll of the 1815 incident was 11000 people, who died from debris flow; In the following decade, more than 100000 people died of the resulting food shortage.

It is reported that the eruption of Tambora volcano is VEI7, but such a strong volcanic eruption occurs only once every hundreds of years.

The report said that although there is no way to prevent natural disasters from reaching the Malacca Strait, the possible way is to send early warning systems and signs to warn people of impending disasters.

Wen/Nandu reporter Chen Lin