2022-09-23|来源:新浪新闻

Media: There are still three questions to be answered in the betel nut fight

Is there a unified timetable? How to make the transition? What to do next?

Recently, many places have taken control measures on the sale of betelnut, and some places explicitly require that betelnut products should not be sold as food. But the problem has not been solved. If some supermarkets hide areca nuts in beverage boxes for sale, and some manufacturers do not accept recycling...

According to the Food Production License Classification Catalogue revised in 2020, areca nuts are no longer managed as food, so in the terminal retail scenario, they cannot be sold together with food.

Anyway, from mixed selling with food to no longer being managed as food, it means tightening the control of betel nut. The tightening is undoubtedly based on the addiction of betel nut and its carcinogenic effect. However, the tightening of areca sales management soon triggered a chain reaction. For example, in Hainan, an important areca producing area, the Hainan Areca Association recently released the Notice on the Development of Hainan's Areca Industry in Recent Years, which is a good name for the local areca industry. In addition, in some areas temporarily off the shelf, whether the manufacturer recycles, where the supermarket should sell, etc., have also become new problems.

[P. After all, it is a huge industry of nearly 100 billion yuan, involving a wide range from upstream growers to enterprises and dealers in the middle and downstream. So let alone the ban, it is a change in management purposes, which will also cause the stakeholders to be unfit. The top priority is how to straighten out and clarify the new problems caused by the tightening of management.

First, it is no longer managed as food. How to unify the standard?

According to the Categorized Catalogue of Food Production License, areca is no longer managed as food, nor can areca production and processing enterprises apply for food production license. However, according to the report, there are some places that require direct removal from the shelf. Do you need to unify the standards for detailed implementation methods? How do you unify the standards?

The local government can certainly be strict. For example, as early as 1996, Xiamen issued the Provisions on Forbidding the Production, Sale and Consumption of Betel Nuts in Xiamen, which prohibits the production and sale of betel nuts locally. In other places, there is no specific way to stop selling or mix it with food. It is better to be clear and clear.

The Classified Catalogue of Food Production License was revised in 2020. However, at present, the policies of different regions are not uniform, which may be based on different local conditions. However, since the catalog has been changed, there should be a clearer timetable, otherwise it is not conducive to the standardization of betel nut industry. When implementing, local governments should give enterprises and merchants clearer expectations.

Second, how to make the transition after strict management? How to apportion the loss?

It is reported that after the local requirements for removal from the shelves, some manufacturers explicitly stated that they would not recycle the areca, and some supermarkets hid the areca in the beverage box for sale. This shows at least two problems: First, businesses can adopt flexible strategies after stricter management; Second, there is no clear sharing mechanism for the losses caused.

Betelnut is harmful, which does not mean that it is illegal for merchants to sell betelnut; The merchant is flexible, indicating that there are loopholes in the specific implementation. For management change, it is better to have a transition period and a more reasonable sharing mechanism to let businesses know what to do, rather than let them pay all the bills.

The reality to face is that the current areca industry is mainly concentrated in Hainan, Hunan and other places, of which Hainan is mainly planted and Hunan is mainly processed. However, after taking the measures of off shelf in many places, Hainan Areca Association issued a document to justify the name of the industry. Although the article was deleted later, the game between industry and policy it presented was an issue that could not be circumvented in regulating areca management.

Whether planting or processing, the areca industry has played a role in stimulating employment and contributing to profits and taxes. The news of the ban on the sale of betel nuts triggered some opposition in the industry, which was quite normal. Therefore, the measures of off shelf and separate sales from food are only being implemented in some places now. With the tightening of control, the losses caused to the upstream should be evaluated more reasonably and balanced more comprehensively. For example, in the industrial area of betel nut, the industrial scale can be reduced according to policy changes. For relevant practitioners, there can be a corresponding benefit compensation mechanism and an industrial exit mechanism, including guiding people to engage in other industries and planting other products.

Third, after selling separately from food, what should we do next?

The strict control of betel nut industry has been progressing slowly. After the news of the ban was spread, some people thought that the management was too dead; However, there are also voices that if the areca industry is standardized, it is only to go to the stage of separate sales from food, which obviously does not match the harmful consequences of areca.

Therefore, in order to form a normative effect, we need to go further on the basis of separate sales. In the future, a more feasible solution may be to make areca like cigarettes, impose various restrictions on channels, sales terminals, advertising and other aspects. For example, online sales, advertising and sales to minors are prohibited.

The betel nut industry has a great deal to do with the livelihood of countless people and the survival of many enterprises and businesses. Therefore, standardizing the development of the industry is a big and arduous task. But betelnut does endanger people's health. It is the general trend to be stricter and more standardized.

Xiong Zhi, a special commentator of Red Star News

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