Former title: China's county population density list: 27 counties have more than 1000 people per square kilometer, and Shishi has surpassed Beishangguang
. The top ten counties with population density are Shishi, Jinjiang, Longgang, Kunshan, Jiangyin, Yiwu, Yuhuan, Wenling, Sanhe and Zhangjiagang, which mainly come from southern Fujian, southern Jiangsu, central and southern Zhejiang and Langfang adjacent to Beijing.
With China's economic development, the county economy is also growing, attracting a large number of people. So, what are the counties with high population density in China?
First Financial reporter combed the population density of each county and found that currently, there are 27 counties in China where the population density exceeds 1000 people/km2, 26 of which are located in the eastern region; The top ten counties with the highest population density are Shishi, Jinjiang, Longgang, Kunshan, Jiangyin, Yiwu, Yuhuan, Wenling, Sanhe and Zhangjiagang, mainly from southern Fujian, southern Jiangsu, central and southern Zhejiang and Langfang adjacent to Beijing.
The population density of small cities in Fujian has caught up with that of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou
Data shows that Shishi, a county-level city in southern Fujian, has a population density of 4287 people/km2, far ahead of all counties. At present, the population density of Shishi has exceeded the three first tier cities in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, and is second only to Shenzhen in all cities.
Data shows that Shishi, a county-level city with a land area of only 160 square kilometers, will break through the 100 billion mark for the first time in 2021, reaching 107.25 billion yuan. The comprehensive economic strength ranked 15th among the top 100 counties and cities in China.
The developed private economy is the key for Shishi to gather a large number of people, and the clothing industry is its main industry. According to the information on the website of Shishi Municipal Government, there are more than 10000 private enterprises in the city, 226 enterprises with an output value of more than 100 million yuan and 19 enterprises with an output value of more than 1 billion yuan. The output value created by the private economy accounts for 90% of the total economy of the city.
Shishi City has the most complete clothing industry system in the country, gathering more than 8000 enterprises in the whole industry chain, becoming the central city of Minpai clothing sector, and won the titles of "China's famous leisure clothing city", "the first batch of national textile model industry clusters", "China's clothing industry demonstration cluster", etc.
At present, Shishi is accelerating the transformation of new and old kinetic energy, promoting the deep integration of three major manufacturing industries of textile, footwear and clothing, machinery and equipment, food and medicine, and three major service industries of trade exhibition, port logistics, and coastal tourism, vigorously developing emerging industries such as photoelectric information, new materials, and building a "3+3+N" industrial system.
The population density of Jinjiang near Shishi, a prefecture level city of Quanzhou, has reached 3177 people/km2, ranking second. Since 1994, Jinjiang has been leading the county economy of Fujian for 28 consecutive years, of which the footwear industry is an important magic weapon. A series of famous sports brands such as Anta, 361 ° and Tebu have emerged locally. Jinjiang is also known as the "Shoe City of China". Although since 2013, Jinjiang large and small shoe enterprises have undergone a deep reshuffle, and many third and fourth tier brands have closed down, there are also leading enterprises like Anta that continue to expand their advantages. In addition, in the clothing industry, there are seven wolves, seven brands, Jinba, Jiumuwang and other well-known brands in Jinjiang, as well as leading tissue enterprises like Heng'an.
After Jinjiang surpassed Changshu for the first time in 2019, breaking the pattern of "dominating" the top four in GDP in southern Jiangsu, Jinjiang has ranked fourth in China's county GDP for three consecutive years. The economic development has also attracted a large number of population inflows. In 2020, the total permanent population of Jinjiang reached 2061600, second only to Kunshan, and ranking second in the county.
In fact, the stone lion with the highest population density was also separated from the Jinjiang River at the end of 1987. So why do Shishi and Jinjiang, located in the south of Quanzhou, become the top two counties in China's population density?
Ding Changfa, associate professor of the Department of Economics of Xiamen University, analyzed First Finance and Economics, and found that Shishi City was originally separated from Jinjiang, with a relatively small area of only 160 square kilometers, and Jinjiang also has a small area of only 600 square kilometers. The economy of these two places is very developed, especially in footwear, textiles, food, building materials and other industries. They are mainly labor-intensive industries, absorbing a large number of foreign employment population, so the population density is also very high.
The population density of 11 counties in Zhejiang exceeds 1000 people/km2
Longgang ranks the third with a population density of 2526 people/km2. Longgang is located in the southeast of Zhejiang Province, on the south bank of the estuary of Aojiang River, one of the eight major river systems in Zhejiang Province. On August 30, 2019, the People's Government of Zhejiang Province officially issued a document: with the approval of the State Council, the Ministry of Civil Affairs replied to the People's Government of Zhejiang Province, agreeing to revoke Longgang Town in Cangnan County and establish Longgang City at the county level.
As the "first peasant city in China", Longgang has experienced three historic leaps from small fishing villages to peasant cities, from peasant cities to small cities, from small cities to towns and cities since its establishment in 1984.
Among the top ten counties in terms of population density, Zhejiang has 4 counties, including Longgang, Yiwu, Yuhuan and Wenling. The four counties are located in Jinhua, Yiwu in central Zhejiang, and the other three are located in Wentai, southern Zhejiang.
In this regard, Tang Hairu, vice chairman of the Expert Committee of the Hangzhou Planning Commission, analyzed First Finance and Economics. Because there are many mountains and less land in Wenzhou and Taiwan, and the per capita arable land is small, the local people are encouraged to make efforts towards industrial production and market transactions. Wenzhou and Taiwan are very developed in light industries and labor-intensive industries, attracting a large number of population inflows.
From 2010 to 2020, the population of Yiwu in central Zhejiang increased by 655400, leading the increase among the major counties in China, with an increase of 50.68% and an average annual growth of 4.18%. This is related to the rapid development of Yiwu e-commerce in recent years, which has gathered a large number of practitioners.
In addition to Zhejiang, Jiangsu, the same as the Yangtze River Delta, also has three counties with the highest population density, namely Kunshan, Jiangyin and Zhangjiagang. Among them, Kunshan has a population density of 2248 people/km2. In 2020, the total population of Kunshan will be 2.0925 million, ranking first among counties in China. Kunshan City is known as the "strongest county in China", with its GDP ranking first for 18 consecutive years. The data shows that Kunshan will achieve a GDP of P474.806 billion yuan in 2021. If Kunshan is compared with cities above prefecture level, its GDP will surpass that of provincial capital cities such as Guiyang, and it will be ranked 57 in the list of cities.
In contrast, Guangdong, the largest economic province, has no county in the top ten in terms of population density. Peng Peng, Executive Chairman of the Guangdong Institute for Restructuring, analyzed First Finance and Economics. The former economically strong counties in Guangdong were mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, and most of these counties experienced the process from county to city (county-level city) to city to district. In addition, the regional space of the Pearl River Delta is small, and it is the highest density urban agglomeration in China. At present, the big cities in the Pearl River Delta are basically seamless, and there is no room for the development of counties.
If you look at the prefecture level and listing, there are five cities in the Pearl River Delta with the highest population density in China, including Shenzhen and Dongguan, which have reached 7173 people/km2 and 4259 people/km2 respectively.
Among the top ten counties with a population density of 1522 people/km2, 9 are from the south and only 1 is from the north, namely Sanhe City under the jurisdiction of Langfang, Hebei. The population density of the three rivers is high, which is related to their location. Because of its proximity to Beijing, Langfang, where Sanhe is located, has benefited greatly from the spillover of Beijing's functions. From 2010 to 2020, the population growth of Langfang exceeded that of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province.
Among them, Sanhe City is the focus of Langfang's population growth. According to the data, there will be 965075 permanent residents in Sanhe in 2020, an increase of 313033 or 48.01% compared with that in 2010. The proportion of the floating permanent population increased from 24.87% in 2010 to 48.11%, an increase of 23.24 percentage points.
Expanding to counties with a population density of more than 1000 people/km2, there are 27 counties with a population density of more than 1000 people/km2. Among them, 26 counties are from the eastern region, including 11 in Zhejiang, 6 in Jiangsu, 4 in Fujian, 3 in Hebei, 1 in Guangdong and 1 in Shandong; The only county from the central and western regions is Xinzheng, which is under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou, Henan Province. Its population density has reached 1343 people/km2, ranking 15th in the country.
Why does Zhejiang have the most counties with more than 1000 people/km2? Tang Hairu said that the degree of marketization in Zhejiang is relatively high. After full market competition, each county has basically formed a unique industrial chain and development direction, that is, block economy. There is no excessive industrial homogenization between different counties. The industrial agglomeration has brought the demand for related service industries, so many counties have gathered a large number of people.